New jersey State Facts – Part II

26. State bird – Eastern Goldfinch


27. State fish – Brook Trout


28. State colors – Buff and Jersey Blue


29. State bug – Honey Bee


30. State flower – Common Meadow Violet


31. State fruit – Highbush Blueberry


32. State memorial tree – Dogwood


33. State shell – Knobbed Whelk


34. State tree – Red Oak


35. Largest Cities – Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth, Edison


36. New Jersey is a peninsula, flanked by the Atlantic Ocean along its east coast and the Delaware River on its west, forming its border with the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.


37. New Jersey is a region with a high variety of geographical features in a small area. The area can be broken into five regions:

    Appalachian Valley and Ridge
    Highlands
    Newark Basin Piedmont
    Inner Coastal Plain
    Outer Coastal Plain

38. The Appalachian Valley and Ridge lies in the northwestern corner of the state an included the Kittatinny Mountains and the Delaware Water Gap. The state’s highest point is within this area.


39. The Highlands is a geological formation composed of rocks running from the Delaware River northeast through the Skylands Region. Numerous abandoned mines dot the region.


40. The Newark Basin is a region in northern New Jersey defined by the boundaries of a sediment-filled rift basin. The basin extends from Rockland County in southern New York to southeastern


Pennsylvania. It lies within the broader region known as the Piedmont, a crescent-shaped area with smooth, rolling hills and large volumes of sediment.


41. The Inner Coastal Plain consists of lowlands and rolling hills. Its fertile, loamy soil makes the land ideal for agriculture and is responsible for New Jersey’s nickname of the “Garden State.”


42. The Outer Coastal Plain consists of sand, silt, and gravel deposits. The soils are sandy and are more acidic and dry than the Inner Coastal Plain. The sandy Pine Barrens occupy the center of the Outer Coastal Plain.


43. Weather – The south, central, and northeastern parts of New Jersey has a humid mesothermal climate, with hot and humid summers.


44. Weather – The northwest part of New Jersey has a humid continental climate, with slightly cooler temperatures due to higher elevation.


45. Weather – Winters throughout New Jersey are usually cold, with the northwestern part of the state having slightly colder winters with average temperatures just below freezing.


46. Weather – Spring and autumn usually feature wide temperature variations, with lower humidity than the summer.


47. Weather – During winter and early spring, New Jersey can experience “nor’easters”, which are capable of causing blizzards or flooding.


48. Weather – Hurricanes, tropical storms, tornadoes, and earthquakes are rare in New Jersey.


49. Crops – The most important source of agricultural income in New Jersey is from the greenhouse and nursery products sector. Roses, chrysanthemums, geraniums, lilies, orchids and poinsettias are all grown for the urban markets.


50. Crops – New Jersey is a major producer of asparagus, bell peppers, eggplant, endive, lettuce and spinach.